Violence and mental illness
Yu R et al. (2017). Depression and violence in adolescence and young adults: findings from three longitudinal cohorts. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 56 (8), 652-658.
Sariaslan A, Larsson H, Fazel S. (2016) Genetic and environmental determinants of violence risk in psychotic disorders: a multivariate quantitative genetic study of 1.8 million Swedish twins and siblings. Molecular Psychiatry; 21: 1251-1256.
Sariaslan A, Lichtenstein P, Larsson H, Fazel S. (2016) Triggers for violent criminality in patients with psychotic disorders. JAMA Psychiatry; 73: 796-803.
Fazel S, Wolf A, Chang Z, Larson H, Goodwin G, Lichtenstein P. (2015) Depression and violent crime: Swedish population study. Lancet Psychiatry 2: 224-232.
Fazel S, Wolf A, Palm C, Lichtenstein P. (2014) Violent crime, suicide, and premature mortality in patients with schizophrenia and related disorders: a 38-year total population study in Sweden. Lancet Psychiatry 1: 44-54.
Swanson JW, McGinty EE, Fazel S, Mays VM. (2015) Mental illness and reduction of gun violence and suicide: bringing epidemiologic research to policy. Annals Epidemiol 25: 366-375.
Webb RT, Lichtenstein P, Larsson H, Geddes JR, Fazel S. (2014) Suicide, hospital-presenting suicide attempts, and criminality in bipolar disorder: examination of risk for multiple adverse outcomes. J Clin Psychiatry 75(8): e809-16.
Fazel S, Långström N, Hjern A, Grann M, Lichtenstein P (2009). Schizophrenia, substance abuse, and violent crime. JAMA 301:2016-2023.
Fazel S, Gulati G, Linsell L, Geddes JR, Grann M (2009). Schizophrenia and violence: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med 6(8). http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1000120
Baranyi G et al. (2019). Severe mental illness and substance use disorders in prisoners in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence studies. Lancet Global Health 7 (4), e461-e471.
Baranyi G et al. (2018) Prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder in prisoners. Epidemiologic Reviews, https://doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxx015
Fazel S, Yoon IA, Hayes AJ. (2017) Substance use disorders in prisoners: an updated systematic review and meta-regression analysis in recently incarcerated men and women. Addiction. PMID: 28543749
Yoon I, Slade K, Fazel S. (2017) Outcomes of psychological therapies for prisoners with mental health problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 85: 783-802.
Fazel S, Hayes A, Bartellas K, Trestman R. (2016) Mental health of prisoners: prevalence, adverse outcomes, and interventions. Lancet Psychiatry 3: 871-881.
Fazel S, Seewald K. (2012) Severe mental illness in 33 588 prisoners worldwide: systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Br J Psychiatry 200: 364-73.
Fazel S, Baillargeon J. (2011) The health of prisoners. Lancet 377: 956-965.
Fazel S, Doll H, Långström N (2008). Mental disorders among adolescents in juvenile detention and correctional facilities: a systematic review and metaregression analysis of 25 surveys. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47(9):1010-9.
Released prisoners – mortality and reoffending risks
Sariaslan A, Larsson H, Lichtenstein P, Fazel S. (2017) Neighbourhood influences on violent reoffending risk in released prisoners diagnosed with psychotic disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin 43: 1011-1020.
Chang Z, Larsson H, Lichtenstein P, Fazel S. (2015) Psychiatric disorders and violent reoffending: a national cohort study of convicted prisoners in Sweden, Lancet Psychiatry 2: 891-900.
Fazel S, Wolf A. (2015) A systematic review of criminal recidivism rates worldwide: current difficulties and recommendations for best practice, PLoS ONE, 10;6, e0130390.
Zlodre J, Fazel S. (2012) All-Cause and External Mortality in Released Prisoners: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Am J Public Health 102: e67-e75.
Prisoner self harm and suicide risk
Fazel S, Ramesh T, Hawton K. (2017) Suicide in prisons: an international study of prevalence and contributory factors. Lancet Psychiatry Volume 4, No. 1: 946–952. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(17)30430-3/fulltext
Marzano L, Hawton K, Rivlin A, Smith EN, Piper M, Fazel S. (2016) Prevention of suicidal behaviour in prisons. Crisis 37: 323-334.
Hawton K, Linsell L, Adeniji T, Sariaslan A, Fazel S (2014) Self-harm in prisons in England and Wales: an epidemiological study of prevalence, risk factors, clustering, and subsequent suicide. Lancet 383: 1147-54.
Rivlin A, Hawton K, Marzano L, Fazel S (2013) Psychosocial characteristics and social networks of suicidal prisoners: towards a model of suicidal behaviour in detention. PLoS One 8(7): e68944.
Fazel S, Wolf A, Geddes JR. (2013) Suicide in prisoners with bipolar disorder and other psychiatric disorders: a systematic review. Bipolar Disord 15(5): 491-5. http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/23437982
Marzano L, Hawton K, Rivlin A, Fazel S. (2011) Psychosocial influences on prisoner suicide: A case-control study of near-lethal self-harm in women prisoners. Soc Sci Med 72: 874-883.
Fazel S, Cartwright J, Nott-Norman A, Hawton K (2008). Suicide in prisoners: a systematic review of risk factors. J Clin Psychiatry 69: 1721-1731
Violence risk assessment
Fazel S. (2019). The Scientific Validity of Current Approaches to Violence and Criminal Risk Assessment. In: Predictive Sentencing: Normative and Empirical Perspectives, 197 (London: Bloomsbury).
S Fazel, A Wolf, MDLA Vazquez-Montes, TR Fanshawe. (2019) Prediction of violent reoffending in prisoners and individuals on probation: a Dutch validation study (OxRec). Scientific Reports 9 (1), 841.
Ramesh T et al. (2018) Use of risk assessment instruments to predict violence in forensic psychiatric hospitals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Psychiatry Volume 52, 47–53 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924933818300683
Fazel S, Wolf A. (2017) Selecting a risk assessment tool in practice: a 10-point guide. Evidence-Based Mental Health http://ebmh.bmj.com/content/early/2017/12/20/eb-2017-102861
Fazel S, Wolf A, Larsson H, Lichtenstein P, Mallett S, Fanshawe TR. (2017) Identification of low risk violent crime in severe mental illness with a clinical prediction tool (Oxford Mental Illness and Violence tool [OxMIV]): a derivation and validation study. Lancet Psychiatry 4: 461-68. PMID: 28479143
Fazel S et al. (2016) Prediction of violent reoffending on release from prison: derivation and external validation of a scalable tool. Lancet Psychiatry 3: 535-543
Wolf A at al. Prediction of violent crime on discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals: a clinical prediction rule (FoVOx). European Psychiatry 2017: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.07.011
Douglas T, Pugh J, Singh I, Savulescu J, Fazel S. (2017) Risk assessment tools in criminal justice and forensic psychiatry: the need for better data. European Psychiatry 42: 134-137.
Zhou J et al. (2016) Violence Risk Assessment in Psychiatric Patients in China: A Systematic Review. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 50(1): 33-45.
Singh JP, Fazel S, Gueorguieva R, Buchanan A. (2014) Rates of violence in patients classified as high risk by structured risk assessment instruments. Br J Psychiatry 204(3): 180-7.
Singh J, Grann M, Fazel S (2013) Authorship bias in violence risk assessment? A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 8(9): e72484.
Fazel S, Singh JP, Doll H, Grann M. (2012) Use of risk assessment instruments to predict violence and antisocial behaviour in 73 samples involving 24 827 people: systematic review and meta-analysis. British Medical Journal 345:e4692.
Suicide in neuropsychiatric conditions
S Fazel, A Wolf, H Larsson, S Mallett, TR Fanshawe. (2019) The prediction of suicide in severe mental illness: development and validation of a clinical prediction rule (OxMIS). Translational Psychiatry 9 (1), 98.
Chesney E, Goodwin GM, Fazel S. (2014) Risks of all-cause and suicide mortality in mental disorders: a meta-review. World Psychiatry 13(2): 153-60.
Witt K, Hawton K, Fazel S. (2014) The relationship between suicide and violence in schizophrenia: analysis of the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) dataset. Schizophr Res 154(1-3): 61-7.
Fazel S, Pillas D, Wolf A, Lichtenstein P, Långström N (2014) Suicide, fatal accidents, and other causes of premature mortality in traumatic brain injury: A 41-year Swedish population study. JAMA Psychiatry 71(3): 326-33.
Fazel S, Wolf A, Långström N, Newton CR, Lichtenstein P. (2013) Premature mortality in epilepsy and the role of psychiatric comorbidity: a total population study. Lancet, 382(9905): 1646-54.
Wolf A, Whiting D, Fazel S. (2017) Violence prevention in psychiatry: an umbrella review of interventions in general and forensic psychiatry. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology 28: 659-673.
Fazel S, Fimińska Z, Cocks C, Coid J. (2016) Patient Outcomes Following Discharge From Secure Psychiatric Hospitals: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry 208(1): 17-25.
Fazel S, Wolf A, Fimińska Z, Larsson H. (2016) Mortality, Rehospitalisation and Violent Crime in Forensic Psychiatric Patients Discharged from Hospital: Rates and Risk Factors. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0155906.
Y Molero, H Larsson, BM D’Onofrio, DJ Sharp, S Fazel. (2019) Associations between gabapentinoids and suicidal behaviour, unintentional overdoses, injuries, road traffic incidents, and violent crime: population based cohort study in Sweden. BMJ 365, l2147.
Molero Y et al (2018). Medications for alcohol and opioid use disorders and risk of suicidal behavior, accidental overdoses, and crime. American journal of Psychiatry 175 (10), 970-978.
Molero Y, Lichtenstein P, Zetterqvist J, Gumpert CH, Fazel S. (2015) Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and violent crime: a cohort study. PLoS Medicine 12: e1001875.
Molero Y, Lichtenstein P, Zetterqvist J, Gumpert CH, Fazel S. (2015) Varenicline and risk of psychiatric conditions, suicidal behavior, criminal offending, and transport accidents and offences: population based cohort study. British Medical Journal 350: h2388.
Fazel S, Zetterqvist J, Larsson H, Långström N, Lichtenstein P (2014). Antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and risk of violent crime. Lancet, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60379-2.
Lichtenstein P et al. (2012) Medication for Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder and Criminality. N Engl J Med 367: 2006-14.
Fazel S, Geddes JR, Kushel M. (2014) The health of homeless people in high-income countries: descriptive epidemiology, health consequences, and clinical and policy recommendations. Lancet 384(9953): 1529-40.
Fazel S, Bjørkly S (2016) “Methodological Considerations in Risk Assessment Research”, Singh JP, Bjørkly S, Fazel S (eds.) International Perspectives on Violence Risk Assessment (Oxford University Press).
Fazel S. Mental health assessment. In: Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology (Cambridge University Press, 2010)
Fazel S, Chhabra P. Elderly prisoners. In: Psychiatry in Prisons: a comprehensive handbook. Eds. S Wilson, I Cumming (London: Jessica Kingsley Publications, 2010)
Fazel S. Psychiatric aspects of crime and the elderly. In: Oxford Textbook of Old Age Psychiatry, ed. R. Jacoby, C. Oppenheimer et al. (Oxford University Press) 2008
Fazel S. Competence. In: Oxford Textbook of Old Age Psychiatry, ed. R. Jacoby, C. Oppenheimer et al. (Oxford: OUP) 2008
Singh JP, Bjørkly S, Fazel S (eds.) 2016. International Perspectives on Violence Risk Assessment, Oxford University Press.